What is the present simple?
The present simple is a basic and important verb tense that we use to talk about things that happen regularly or are generally true. It’s like a tool that helps us describe routines, habits, and facts. Let’s break it down into simple parts:
1. When to use it
We use the present simple when we talk about actions or situations that happen regularly, repeatedly or things that are generally true. It’s not for activities that are happening right now.
2. How to form it
For most verbs, you just add an “s” to the end of the verb when the subject is “he,” “she,” or “it.”
I play soccer. (no “s” because “I” is the subject)
She plays soccer. (“plays” because “she” is the subject)
He eats pizza. (“eats” because “he” is the subject)
For most other subjects (like “I,” “you,” “we,” “they”), and also for all plural subjects (more than one person or thing), the verb stays the same as the base form:
You swim in the pool.
We read books.
They dance at parties.
3. Positive Sentences
To make a positive sentence, just put the subject, then the verb (base form or with an “s”), and then the rest.
We go to school every day.
The sun rises in the morning.
4. Negative Sentences
To make a negative sentence, add “do not” (shortened as “don’t”) before the base form of the verb. If the subject is “he,” “she,” or “it,” use “does not” (shortened as “doesn’t”) instead.
I do not like broccoli. (or “I don’t like broccoli.”)
She does not play the piano. (or “She doesn’t play the piano.”)
To make a question, start with “do” for most subjects and “does” for “he,” “she,” or “it.” Then add the subject, the base form of the verb, and the rest of the question.
Do you watch cartoons?
Does he speak French?
6. Talking about Facts:
You can use the present simple to talk about things that are always true or facts.
The Earth revolves around the Sun.
Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
Remember, the present simple helps us talk about routines, habits, and things that are generally true. It’s like a superpower for explaining how things work in our daily lives and in the world around us.