The Present Perfect

What is The Present Perfect

1. Introducing the “Present Perfect”

Imagine having a special lens that lets you see past actions in a whole new way. That’s what the “Present Perfect” does! It helps us see actions that happened before now but have an impact on the present.

2. Structure

Subject + “have” (or “has“) + past participle of the verb

Have” is used with “I,” “you,” “we,” and “they.”

Has” is used with “he,” “she,” and “it.”

3. Using the “Present Perfect”

Imagine you’re painting a picture of your experiences and connecting them to the present. That’s what you’re doing when you use the “Present Perfect” tense.

4. Positive Sentences

When you want to talk about something that happened at some point before now, use the “Present Perfect” structure.


I have visited the zoo many times.

She has read a lot of adventure books.

5. Negative Sentences

To say that something hasn’t happened up to now, add “not” after “have” or “has.”


We have not seen that film. (or We haven’t seen that film.)

He has not finished his puzzle. (or He hasn’t finished his puzzle.)

6. Question

Ask questions to learn about someone’s experiences or actions using the “Present Perfect” structure.


Have you ever travelled to another country?

Has she eaten sushi before?

7. Practice Time

Practice telling stories about things you’ve done or experiences you’ve had using the “Present Perfect” tense. 

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