Past Participles

Welcome to an intriguing chapter that will introduce you to the world of “Past Participles”! In this journey, you’ll uncover the hidden treasures of verbs that have travelled through time.

Introducing “Past Participles”

Imagine having a collection of enchanted gems that transform ordinary verbs into something extraordinary. “Past Participles” are like these gems—they show actions that have already happened in the past.

Recognizing Past Participles

Let’s learn how to identify these magical gems:

Most past participles are formed by adding “-ed” to the base verb (e.g., played, jumped).

However, some verbs have irregular past participles that don’t follow the regular pattern.

Irregular Past Participles

break (base form) → broken (past participle)
eat (base form) → eaten (past participle)
go (base form) → gone (past participle)
sing (base form) → sung (past participle)
swim (base form) → swum (past participle)
take (base form) → taken (past participle)
write (base form) → written (past participle)
begin (base form) → begun (past participle)
forget (base form) → forgotten (past participle)
choose (base form) → chosen (past participle)
break (base form) → broken (past participle)
give (base form) → given (past participle)
see (base form) → seen (past participle)
wear (base form) → worn (past participle)
throw (base form) → thrown (past participle)
drive (base form) → driven (past participle)
ride (base form) → ridden (past participle)
catch (base form) → caught (past participle)
run (base form) → run (past participle)

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